Posts Tagged ‘Companions’

Companions are Stars

It is often related that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said;

أصحابي كالنجوم، بأيهم اقتديتم اهتديتم

“My Companions are like the stars; whoever among them you follow, you will be guided.”

It is well know that all the various chains of narration for this hadith are weak. Shaykh al-Albani commented on these chains in Silsala al-Ahadith ad-Da’ifa, No.58-61

He went as far as grading the report as “Mawdu” (fabricated) though some scholars have opined that considering the multiple chains the hadith may be accepted as reliable. (For details, see Shaykh Abdul Hayy al-Lakunawi’s book “Iqamah al-Hujjah ‘ala anna a-Iksar fi  at-Ta’abbud Laisa bi Bid’ah” with annotations of Sh. Abdul Fattah Abu Ghoddah pp.48-52)

I am definitely not able to get into the details of this discussion however there is another hadith which suggests something similar to it.

In Sahih Muslim it is stated that Abu Musa al-‘Ashari related, Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

النجوم أمنة للسماء، فإذا ذهبت النجوم أتى السماء ما توعد، وأنا أمنة لأصحابي، فإذا ذهبت أتى أصحابي ما يوعدون، وأصحابي أمنة لأمتي، فإذا ذهب أصحابي أتى أمتي ما يوعدون

The stars are a source of security for the sky, and when the stars disappear, there will come to the sky what is promised. I am a source of security for my Companions, and when I am gone there will come to my Companions what they are promised. And my Companions are a source of security for my Ummah, and when my Companions are gone, there will come to my Ummah that they are promised.”
(Sahih Muslim, Hadith [6466]  207-(2531), Darussalam ed.)

Imam al-Bayhaqi (d. 458 AH) also narrated this hadith in al-‘Itiqad (1/318). Thereafter he referred to the the same famous ‘dubious’ report and then said:

والذي رويناه هاهنا من الحديث الصحيح يؤدي بعض معناه

“And the Sahih Hadith we narrated here supports some of its meanings.” (al-‘Itiqad, 1/318)

Ibn Amir Haj (d. 879 AH) in at-Taqrir wal Tahbir (3/99) and Mulla Ali al-Qari (d. 1014 AH) in his Mirqat al-Mafatih (9/3876, 3882) also mentioned this proximity of meanings.

Hafiz Ibn Hajr (d. 853 AH) commenting on al-Bayhaqi’s words said:

صدق البيهقي، هو يؤدي صحة التشبيه للصحابة بالنجوم خاصة، أما في الاقتداء فلا يظهر في حديث أبي موسى، نعم يمكن أن يتلمح ذلك من معنى الاهتداء بالنجوم

“al-Bayhaqi said the truth. It shows the reliability of the particular likeness of the companions with the stars. As to (proof of their) following it is not evident in the hadith of Abu Musa. But yes, it is possible that he found a hint for that in guidance with the stars (i.e. in the purpose the stars serve at night)”
(Talkhis al-Habir, 4/464)

Indeed, the Companions of the Prophet ﷺ are like the (guiding) Stars!

And Allah knows the best!


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